Jackie Northam http://wrvo.org en White House Widens Scope Of Russian Sanctions To Finance And Defense http://wrvo.org/post/white-house-widens-scope-russian-sanctions-finance-and-defense <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.<img src="http://www.google-analytics.com/__utm.gif?utmac=UA-5828686-4&utmdt=White+House+Widens+Scope+Of+Russian+Sanctions+To+Finance+And+Defense&utme=8(APIKey)9(MDExNDExMTQwMDEzNjkwODAzMTkxNmQ4Zg004)"/></div><p> Tue, 29 Jul 2014 20:09:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 59629 at http://wrvo.org Central American Leaders: Immigrant Children Are A Shared Problem http://wrvo.org/post/central-american-leaders-immigrant-children-are-shared-problem <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.<img src="http://www.google-analytics.com/__utm.gif?utmac=UA-5828686-4&utmdt=Central+American+Leaders%3A+Immigrant+Children+Are+A+Shared+Problem&utme=8(APIKey)9(MDAyMTczMTYzMDEyMzI0OTI3OTQ5NTc2ZQ001)"/></div><p>Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>The highest ranking officials from three Central American countries are making the rounds in Washington D.C. They are here to adjust the flood of unaccompanied migrant children coming across the Mexican border. Thu, 24 Jul 2014 20:15:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 59408 at http://wrvo.org Despite Growing Anger, EU Nations May Balk At Russian Sanctions http://wrvo.org/post/despite-growing-anger-eu-nations-may-balk-russian-sanctions Transcript <p>STEVE INSKEEP, HOST: <p>A train arrived in Ukraine's second-largest city. Its cargo was the remains of hundreds of people. They were killed when a Malaysian passenger jet was shot down last week.<p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>And the movement of the remains is considered a step forward. Until today pro-Russian separatists had prevented the train from leaving the area near the crash. Now the remains will be taken to the Netherlands for identification.<p>INSKEEP: European leaders must decide how far they want to go in pressing the resolution of the crisis. Tue, 22 Jul 2014 09:25:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 59224 at http://wrvo.org Kurds May Have Oil To Export, But Buyers Are Harder To Find http://wrvo.org/post/kurds-may-have-oil-export-buyers-are-harder-find Kurdish security forces, the peshmerga, have <a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2014/07/11/330694928/kurds-seize-2-oil-fields-amid-rising-tensions-with-iraqi-government">taken over two major oil fields near Kirkuk</a>, in northern Iraq. Tue, 15 Jul 2014 07:32:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 58874 at http://wrvo.org Kurds May Have Oil To Export, But Buyers Are Harder To Find Amid Eroding Trust, Germany Expels America's Top Spy In Berlin http://wrvo.org/post/amid-eroding-trust-germany-expels-americas-top-spy-berlin Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>Germany has told the chief U.S. intelligence officer in Berlin to leave the country. A dramatic turn of events comes after reports that two German government employees are suspected of spying for the U.S. NPR's Jackie Northam has been following this story and she joins me in the studio. Jackie, the announcement about the expulsion of the top American spy in Germany was made by the Chancellor Angela Merkel's spokesman. Thu, 10 Jul 2014 20:02:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 58692 at http://wrvo.org For Once, The U.S., Russia And Iran Actually Agree On Something http://wrvo.org/post/once-us-russia-and-iran-actually-agree-something The ferocious charge across much of Iraq by militants now calling themselves the Islamic State has created something almost unheard of in the highly divisive Middle East: international consensus.<p>The U.S. Thu, 03 Jul 2014 07:14:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 58288 at http://wrvo.org For Once, The U.S., Russia And Iran Actually Agree On Something Kerry's Iraq Mission Takes Him To Kurdistan http://wrvo.org/post/kerrys-iraq-mission-takes-him-kurdistan <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.<img src="http://www.google-analytics.com/__utm.gif?utmac=UA-5828686-4&utmdt=Kerry%27s+Iraq+Mission+Takes+Him+To+Kurdistan&utme=8(APIKey)9(MDExMDQwMzQzMDEzNjMyMTE3MjRkNzlmNg004)"/></div><p>Transcript <p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>U.S. Secretary of State, John Kerry, is back in Iraq on a week-long mission to try to hold that country together. This morning, he's in Erbil, the capital of the semi-autonomous region of Kurdistan in the north. And his job won't be easy. Tue, 24 Jun 2014 10:41:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 57820 at http://wrvo.org Kerry Lands In Badhdad, Bearing Warnings For Iraqi Leaders http://wrvo.org/post/kerry-lands-badhdad-bearing-warnings-iraqi-leaders Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>As we heard the Secretary of State John Kerry was in Baghdad today where he met with Iraqi prime minister Nouri al-Maliki. Kerry said his visit was aimed at showing U.S. commitment to Iraq as it suffers an onslaught by the Sunni militant group ISIS. The group now controls much of the west and north of the country including the city of Mosul, one of Iraq's largest cities. And over the past several days, ISIS fighters have assaulted three key border posts. NPR's Jackie Northam is traveling with Sec. Kerry and she joins us now from Amman, Jordan. Mon, 23 Jun 2014 20:07:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 57781 at http://wrvo.org Kerry In Iraq To Pressure Al-Maliki To Reach Across Sectarian Lines http://wrvo.org/post/kerry-iraq-pressure-al-maliki-reach-across-sectarian-lines Transcript <p>STEVE INSKEEP, HOST: <p>It's MORNING EDITION from NPR News. I'm Steve Inskeep.<p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>And I'm Renee Montagne. As extremist Sunni militants continue to grab territory across Northern Iraq, the U.S. has been pressuring Iraq's prime minister, Nouri al-Maliki, to reach out to the Sunni and Kurdish communities. This morning, Secretary of State John Kerry is in Baghdad on an unannounced visit to lean on Maliki personally. Makiki's largely Shia government is blamed by many for inflaming the sectarian divide in Iraq. NPR's Jackie Northam is traveling with Kerry. Mon, 23 Jun 2014 10:12:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 57749 at http://wrvo.org Militants' Advance In Iraq Agitates Oil Markets http://wrvo.org/post/militants-advance-iraq-agitates-oil-markets When Sunni militants began seizing broad swathes of territory across northern Iraq last week, global oil markets shrugged it off. After all, instability in Iraq is nothing new.<p>But that all changed on Wednesday, when the insurgents swept into the oil refinery town of Baiji, says Robert McNally, president of the Rapidan Group, an energy consulting firm. The price of oil climbed nearly 4 percent in just a few short days.<p>"This jaw-dropping blitz assault ... Sun, 15 Jun 2014 13:38:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 57361 at http://wrvo.org Militants' Advance In Iraq Agitates Oil Markets Russia-China Natural Gas Deal Likely To Reshape Energy Markets http://wrvo.org/post/russia-china-natural-gas-deal-likely-reshape-energy-markets Transcript <p>STEVE INSKEEP, HOST: <p>It's MORNING EDITION from NPR News. I'm Steve Inskeep in New York.<p>DAVID GREENE, HOST: <p>And I'm David Greene in Washington. Good morning. Let's look now at the shifting balance of power in East Asia. In a moment, we'll hear President Obama's view of a rising China. First we'll report on the implications of China's latest energy deal. China signed an agreement to buy Russian natural gas sent through a pipeline in Siberia. Thu, 29 May 2014 09:32:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 56505 at http://wrvo.org Russian Economic Forum Boycotted Over Ukraine Crisis http://wrvo.org/post/russian-economic-forum-boycotted-over-ukraine-crisis Transcript <p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>This is MORNING EDITION from NPR News. I'm Renee Montagne.<p>STEVE INSKEEP, HOST: <p>And I'm Steve Inskeep. Each spring Russian president Vladimir Putin welcomes international business and political leaders to an economic forum in St. Petersburg. It started today and Putin told those who arrived that Russia is ready to do business, although it expects to be treated as an equal.<p>Not as many people were listening as Putin might have liked. Some of those invited did not show up. They stayed away to protest Russia's actions in Ukraine. Thu, 22 May 2014 09:05:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 56166 at http://wrvo.org Russia's Energy Giant Turns Up The Heat On Ukraine http://wrvo.org/post/russias-energy-giant-turns-heat-ukraine If Russia was aiming to target one of Ukraine's vulnerabilities, natural gas would be the bull's-eye. Ukraine gets about 60 percent of its gas from Russia.<p>Clifford Gaddy, a Russia specialist at the Brookings Institution, says as the dispute between the two countries grows, Moscow is more willing to use natural gas as a weapon.<p>"The ways in which Russia can play with this gas lever, how it can use it, these are not things that they just think of from one day to the next," Gaddy says. Wed, 14 May 2014 19:49:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 55776 at http://wrvo.org Russia's Energy Giant Turns Up The Heat On Ukraine The Global Economy: A World Of Acronyms http://wrvo.org/post/global-economy-will-mint-countries-be-new-brics The world of finance gave birth in 2001 to a new buzzword: BRIC.<strong> </strong>The word<strong> </strong>is an acronym for Brazil, Russia, India and China. Jim O'Neill, an economist with Goldman Sachs who's been credited with coining the term, saw those four countries as turbo-charged engines among emerging markets, ones that would give Western economies a run for their money.<p>O'Neill says when he dreamed up the acronym 13 years ago, people didn't really focus on the potential importance of some of these countries.<p>"It sort of transformed ... Tue, 13 May 2014 07:06:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 55676 at http://wrvo.org The Global Economy: A World Of Acronyms Legendary D.C. Law Firm To Pay Chevron In Ecuador Pollution Case http://wrvo.org/post/chevron-patton-boggs-settle-4-year-environmental-case A long-running legal battle between a legendary Washington law and lobbying firm and a major oil company has been settled.<p>D.C.-based Patton Boggs has agreed to pay Chevron $15 million to settle a case that centers on pollution from drilling activity in the rainforests of Ecuador.<p>The case has gone on for more than four years, and the stakes were enormous for the two powerhouses.<p>Chevron filed a suit against the firm for engaging in fraud and deception in trying to get the oil company to pay up on a nearly $10 billion verdict that was handed down by an Ecuadorian court in 2011.<p>In that Thu, 08 May 2014 06:17:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 55450 at http://wrvo.org Entering Talks In Geneva, U.S. Hopes For A Ukraine Breakthrough http://wrvo.org/post/entering-talks-geneva-us-hopes-ukraine-breakthrough Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Audie Cornish.<p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>And I'm Robert Siegel.<p>Tomorrow, Secretary of State John Kerry is due to meet in Geneva with his counterparts from Russia, Ukraine and the European Union. It's hoped the multilateral talks will produce a diplomatic breakthrough on the crisis in Ukraine. Analysts say that without that, the U.S. Wed, 16 Apr 2014 20:08:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 54373 at http://wrvo.org A Reporter Reflects On Rwanda: 'It's Like A Madness Took Over' http://wrvo.org/post/reporter-reflects-rwanda-its-madness-took-over There was a thin mist in the early morning air when we set off for the Rwandan capital, Kigali, on April 11, 1994. The genocide had begun four days earlier.<p>There were no flights into the country, so I and three fellow journalists crossed into Rwanda from neighboring Burundi, hitching a ride with a French priest who was shuttling Tutsi nuns out of the country. He took us to the town of Butare, where a Belgian inn keeper rented us an old cream-colored Renault and drew us a map of how to get to Kigali.<p>We drove north, winding our way through Rwanda's soaring hills and deep lush valleys. Thu, 10 Apr 2014 07:36:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 54043 at http://wrvo.org A Reporter Reflects On Rwanda: 'It's Like A Madness Took Over' U.S. Taps New Energy Sources, And Potential Geopolitical Clout http://wrvo.org/post/us-taps-new-energy-sources-and-potential-geopolitical-clout The recent oil and natural gas boom in the U.S. is paying major dividends for Washington's geopolitical clout. Thanks to <a href="http://www.npr.org/series/151930969/science-and-the-fracking-boom-missing-answers">hydraulic fracturing</a>, the U.S. is awash in domestic energy, which is having a ripple effect globally.<p>If you want to gauge one effect of this newfound energy wealth, you don't have to look any further than the current crisis between Russia and Ukraine, says Michael Levi, a senior fellow for energy and the environment at the Council on Foreign Relations.<p>He says the U.S. Fri, 04 Apr 2014 19:24:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 53777 at http://wrvo.org U.S. Taps New Energy Sources, And Potential Geopolitical Clout German Chemical Giant BASF Benefits From Cheap U.S. Natural Gas http://wrvo.org/post/german-chemical-giant-basf-benefits-cheap-us-natural-gas Thanks to fracking, there is an abundance of natural gas at about a quarter of the European price. This influx of business may be good for the U.S., but it's cause for concern for European leaders. Wed, 26 Mar 2014 09:13:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 53278 at http://wrvo.org Can Europe Wean Itself Off Russian Gas? http://wrvo.org/post/can-europe-wean-itself-russian-gas Many European nations were searching for ways to cut back their reliance on Russian energy long before the crisis in Ukraine flared last month.<p>In 2006 and 2009, for example, the EU was rattled by the ease with which Moscow cut off gas supplies to Ukraine and other parts of Europe after disputes over cost and supply. The two-week standoff in 2009 left millions in Eastern Europe without heat in the middle of winter.<p>Russia supplies the European Union with about a third of its natural gas, shipped mostly by pipeline through Ukraine. Fri, 21 Mar 2014 18:50:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 53061 at http://wrvo.org Can Europe Wean Itself Off Russian Gas? A Boom In Oil Is A Boon For U.S. Shipbuilding Industry http://wrvo.org/post/boom-oil-boon-us-shipbuilding-industry Scott Clapham peers down into a cavernous dry dock at the Aker Philadelphia Shipyard. He points to massive pieces of steel, some covered with a light dusting of snow. When assembled, they will form a 115,000-ton oil tanker.<p>It's one of two oil tankers being constructed for SeaRiver Maritime, a subsidiary of Exxon Mobil, costing $200 million apiece. It takes roughly 1,000 workers more than a year to build, and the shipyard already has orders for four more tankers and two container ships, says Clapham, the senior vice president of Aker Philadelphia. Fri, 14 Mar 2014 07:25:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 52682 at http://wrvo.org A Boom In Oil Is A Boon For U.S. Shipbuilding Industry The World Bank Gets An Overhaul — And Not Everyone's Happy http://wrvo.org/post/world-bank-gets-overhaul-and-not-everyones-happy The World Bank, the largest international development institution, is undergoing a sweeping reorganization, the first of its kind for the bank in nearly a generation.<p>The bank, based in Washington, has laid out a new set of goals, but they're accompanied by deep budget cuts and the elimination of a whole layer of senior management jobs.<p>The overhaul is being led by its president Jim Yong Kim. One of the first things the 54-year-old physician and anthropologist did when took office in July 2012 was launch a company-wide survey. Thu, 13 Mar 2014 20:47:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 52660 at http://wrvo.org The World Bank Gets An Overhaul — And Not Everyone's Happy Hitching A Ride On The World's Biggest Cargo Ship http://wrvo.org/post/hitching-ride-worlds-biggest-cargo-ship I started my journey at the famed Gdansk Shipyard, home of Poland's solidarity movement in the 1980s. It was nearly midnight when I arrived and saw for the first time the Maersk McKinney Moller, the world's largest container ship.<p>I simply wasn't prepared for just how massive it is. The whole ship really can't be taken in, even standing at a distance, so I gave my neck a good stretch by scanning this behemoth end to end, and up and down.<p>That sense of scale was reinforced when I walked up the ship's steep gangway with Mikkel Linnet, a communications officer with Maersk. Thu, 13 Mar 2014 07:37:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 52618 at http://wrvo.org Hitching A Ride On The World's Biggest Cargo Ship After A Downturn, Global Shipping Bets Big On Everything http://wrvo.org/post/after-downturn-global-shipping-bets-big-everything On a cold, blustery day at Port Elizabeth in New Jersey, one of several massive cranes whirs along a rail high above the pier, picks up a heavy container from a ship's deck and loads it on a waiting truck back on land. The truck drives away, another arrives, and the whole process starts again.<p>It's a scene played out every day along America's coasts as massive container ships from across the globe pull into deep-water seaports, waiting to be unloaded. Wed, 12 Mar 2014 07:40:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 52560 at http://wrvo.org After A Downturn, Global Shipping Bets Big On Everything As Overseas Costs Rise, More U.S. Companies Are 'Reshoring' http://wrvo.org/post/overseas-costs-rise-more-us-companies-are-reshoring For decades, American companies have been sending their manufacturing work overseas. Extremely low wages in places like China, Vietnam and the Philippines reduced costs and translated into cheaper prices for consumers wanting flat-screen TVs, dishwashers and a range of gadgets.<p>But now a growing number of American companies are reversing that trend, bringing manufacturing back to the United States in a trend known as "reshoring."<p>Kim Freeman, a spokeswoman for General Electric Appliances, walks into a sprawling plant in Louisville, Ky. Machine noise is thunderous in the brightly lit room. Mon, 27 Jan 2014 14:52:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 50464 at http://wrvo.org As Overseas Costs Rise, More U.S. Companies Are 'Reshoring' Do You Know Who Owns Your Favorite Liquor? http://wrvo.org/post/do-you-know-who-owns-your-favorite-liquor Liquor companies like to make drinkers think their favorite spirits always have been and always will be attached to a very particular place — Kentucky bourbon, Irish whiskey, Russian vodka.<p>But like many other industries, the liquor business has gone global, and a small number of players increasingly dominate the industry worldwide. Thu, 16 Jan 2014 13:29:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 50002 at http://wrvo.org Do You Know Who Owns Your Favorite Liquor? As Costs Soar, Who Will Pay For The Panama Canal's Expansion? http://wrvo.org/post/costs-soar-who-will-pay-panama-canals-expansion For five years, a multibillion-dollar expansion has been underway on the Panama Canal so that ships three times the current size can pass through the vital waterway. Wed, 08 Jan 2014 20:49:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 49654 at http://wrvo.org As Costs Soar, Who Will Pay For The Panama Canal's Expansion? NAFTA Opened Continent For Some Canadian Companies http://wrvo.org/post/nafta-opened-continent-some-canadian-companies Six brand new Challenger corporate jets sit on a showroom floor waiting to be picked up here at the Bombardier Aerospace plant on the outskirts of Montreal. Manager Frank Richie watches as technicians polish the gleaming aircraft and make last-minute adjustments. Each one is personalized, from the leather trim inside to the fancy paint job on its exterior.<p>Through a side door, you enter an enormous assembly line for more than a dozen other Challenger jets. The factory floor spans nearly 900,000 square feet.<p>Bombardier has been around since 1942, when it began making snowmobiles. Wed, 25 Dec 2013 20:04:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 49080 at http://wrvo.org NAFTA Opened Continent For Some Canadian Companies Battle Of The Bottom Feeder: U.S., Vietnam In Catfish Fight http://wrvo.org/post/battle-bottom-feeder-us-vietnam-catfish-fight Bill Battle peers through the window of a pickup truck at his catfish farm, Pride of the Pond, near Tunica, Miss. The land is pancake-flat, broken up by massive ponds, some holding up to 100,000 pounds of catfish.<p>Cormorants fly low over the ponds, keeping an eye out for whiskered, smooth-skinned fish. Battle keeps a shotgun in the front seat; business is hard enough without the birds cutting into his profit.<p>Battle has been catfish farming for more than three decades. Catfish has always been popular in the South, but its popularity took off throughout the country in the 1980s. Mon, 16 Dec 2013 07:49:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 48611 at http://wrvo.org Battle Of The Bottom Feeder: U.S., Vietnam In Catfish Fight Trains Gain Steam In Race To Transport Crude Oil In The U.S. http://wrvo.org/post/trains-gain-steam-race-transport-crude-oil-us On a quiet fall morning in the Delaware countryside, a lone sustained whistle pierces the air. Within moments, a train sweeps around a broad curve, its two heavy locomotives hauling dozens of white, cylindrical rail cars, loaded with 70,000 barrels of crude oil.<p>It's a scene playing out with growing frequency across the United States and Canada. The U.S. is awash in oil, due in large part to advances in drilling techniques such as hydraulic fracturing, or fracking. U.S. production hit a 24-year-high in September. Mon, 28 Oct 2013 20:06:00 +0000 Jackie Northam 46294 at http://wrvo.org Trains Gain Steam In Race To Transport Crude Oil In The U.S.