Fresh Air http://wrvo.org en How Scientists Created A Typhus Vaccine In A 'Fantastic Laboratory' http://wrvo.org/post/how-scientists-created-typhus-vaccine-fantastic-laboratory When Germany invaded the Soviet Union during World War II, Nazi commanders had another worry besides the Red Army. Epidemics of typhus fever, which is transmitted by body lice, killed untold numbers of soldiers and civilians during and after World War I.<p>As World War II raged, typhus reappeared in war-torn areas and in Jewish ghettos, where cramped, harsh conditions were a perfect breeding ground for lice.<p>So the Nazis employed Dr. Rudolf Weigl to produce a typhus vaccine. Tue, 22 Jul 2014 19:34:00 +0000 editor 59263 at http://wrvo.org How Scientists Created A Typhus Vaccine In A 'Fantastic Laboratory' Fresh Air Remembers Actress And Singer Elaine Stritch http://wrvo.org/post/fresh-air-remembers-actress-and-singer-elaine-stritch The Broadway star used to describe herself as a Catholic, diabetic, alcoholic. She died July 17 at the age of 89. In 1999, she talked with Terry Gross when she was starring in a revival of Sail Away. Tue, 22 Jul 2014 19:34:00 +0000 editor 59264 at http://wrvo.org On 'Tomlinson Hill,' Journalist Seeks Truth And Reconciliation http://wrvo.org/post/tomlinson-hill-journalist-seeks-truth-and-reconciliation As the great-great-grandson of Texas slaveholders, journalist Chris Tomlinson wanted to find out what crimes his ancestors had committed to maintain power and privilege.<p>So he went to Tomlinson Hill, the plantation his ancestors built in the 1850s, to not only explore the slave-owning part of his family tree, but also to find the descendants of the slaves who kept the Tomlinson name after they were freed.<p>Tomlinson had spent 11 years for the <em>Associated Press</em> reporting on wars and conflicts, mostly in Africa, including the end of apartheid and the aftermath of the Rwandan genocide. Mon, 21 Jul 2014 19:31:00 +0000 editor 59197 at http://wrvo.org On 'Tomlinson Hill,' Journalist Seeks Truth And Reconciliation Fresh Air Weekend: Angela Ricketts; Chaz Ebert And Steve James http://wrvo.org/post/fresh-air-weekend-angela-ricketts-chaz-ebert-and-steve-james Fresh Air Weekend<em> highlights some of the best interviews and reviews from past weeks, and new program elements specially paced for weekends. Our weekend show emphasizes interviews with writers, filmmakers, actors, and musicians, and often includes excerpts from live in-studio concerts. This week:</em><p><strong>An Army Wife Charts Her Struggles In 'No Man's War':</strong> In her new book, Angela Ricketts writes about raising three kids while her husband deployed eight times over 22 years. Sat, 19 Jul 2014 16:38:00 +0000 editor 59135 at http://wrvo.org Fresh Air Weekend: Angela Ricketts; Chaz Ebert And Steve James 'Live In The Present': Charlie Haden Remembered http://wrvo.org/post/live-present-charlie-haden-remembered <p>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IkudQrnQFHc</p><p>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x8eMfc6TjoA</p><p>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BeNMnMY9VWE</p> Fri, 18 Jul 2014 17:16:00 +0000 editor 59090 at http://wrvo.org 'Live In The Present': Charlie Haden Remembered 'Trans Bodies, Trans Selves': A Modern Manual By And For Trans People http://wrvo.org/post/trans-bodies-trans-selves-modern-manual-and-trans-people The growing number of people who identify as transgender is raising a lot of interesting and complicated questions about gender identity.<p>The new book <em>Trans Bodies, Trans Selves</em> is a collection of essays describing the varied experiences of transgender people — and the social, political and medical issues they face. It's written by and for transgender and gender-nonconforming people.<p>The idea was inspired by the groundbreaking 1970s feminist health manual <em>Our Bodies, Ourselves</em>.<p>That book "was put together ... by a group of women who ... Thu, 17 Jul 2014 18:33:00 +0000 editor 59031 at http://wrvo.org 'Trans Bodies, Trans Selves': A Modern Manual By And For Trans People Every Composer Needs A Great Storyteller http://wrvo.org/post/every-composer-needs-great-storyteller The legendary German conductor Otto Klemperer was one of the most profound musicians of the 20<sup>th</sup> Century. In the 1960s, nearing the end of his career, he overcame many physical handicaps to create an astonishing body of recorded classical music. EMI has just reissued a broad spectrum of his recordings, including a box set of one of the composers he's most associated with: Gustav Mahler. <em>Fresh Air</em> classical music critic Lloyd Schwartz has a review of <em>Mahler: Symphonies 2, 4, 7 & 9 / Das Lied von der Erde</em>. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Wed, 16 Jul 2014 17:55:00 +0000 Lloyd Schwartz 58971 at http://wrvo.org Nigeria's Boko Haram 'More Extreme Than Al-Qaida,' Journalist Says http://wrvo.org/post/nigerias-boko-haram-more-extreme-al-qaida-journalist-says The Nigerian group Boko Haram is part of a new generation of Islamist extremists. It was founded in 2002, but received only limited, periodic attention until April when it kidnapped more than 200 girls after raiding a school in northeastern Nigeria and threatening to marry the girls off or sell them as slaves. Wed, 16 Jul 2014 17:55:00 +0000 editor 58972 at http://wrvo.org Nigeria's Boko Haram 'More Extreme Than Al-Qaida,' Journalist Says The Cowboy That Wasn't A Cowboy Sings http://wrvo.org/post/cowboy-wasnt-cowboy-sings Cowboy Jack Clement, who died in 2013 at age 82, was a prolific producer, songwriter, arranger, and talent scout. He brought Jerry Lee Lewis to Sun Records, helped nurture the career of one of the few black country stars, Charley Pride, and worked on important albums for artists as various as Waylon Jennings and U2.<p>Jack Clement only made three albums of his own, the last of which is the new <em>For Once and For All</em>. Tue, 15 Jul 2014 19:03:00 +0000 Ken Tucker 58915 at http://wrvo.org An Army Wife Charts Her Struggles In 'No Man's War' http://wrvo.org/post/army-wife-charts-her-struggles-no-mans-war People often expect military wives to be strong and stoic. Tue, 15 Jul 2014 19:03:00 +0000 editor 58916 at http://wrvo.org An Army Wife Charts Her Struggles In 'No Man's War' 'Fresh Air' Remembers South African Writer Nadine Gordimer http://wrvo.org/post/fresh-air-remembers-south-african-writer-nadine-gordimer Transcript <p>TERRY GROSS, HOST: <p>This is FRESH AIR. Nobel prize-winning writer Nadine Gordimer died yesterday at age 90. She once wrote art is on the side of the oppressed. Gordimer was a white South African, whose parents were Jewish immigrants from Lithuania and England. Much of her writing was about the apartheid system, which she staunchly opposed. She wrote more than two dozen books of fiction and nonfiction. Three of her books were banned in South Africa. She had served as vice president of PEN, the international writers' organization. Mon, 14 Jul 2014 19:34:00 +0000 editor 58851 at http://wrvo.org 'Mockingbird Next Door': A Genteel Peek Into Harper Lee's Quiet Life http://wrvo.org/post/mockingbird-next-door-genteel-peek-harper-lees-quiet-life It's probably the most oft-cited literary fantasy of all time: I'm talking about that passage in <em>Catcher in the Rye</em> where Holden Caulfield says: "What really knocks me out is a book that, when you're all done reading it, you wish the author that wrote it was a terrific friend of yours and you could call him up on the phone whenever you felt like it. That doesn't happen much, though."<p>It sure didn't happen very much with J.D. Salinger, who hid out in the New Hampshire woods for over half a century until his death in 2010. Mon, 14 Jul 2014 19:34:00 +0000 Maureen Corrigan 58852 at http://wrvo.org 'Mockingbird Next Door': A Genteel Peek Into Harper Lee's Quiet Life How A Factory Man Fought To Save His Furniture Company http://wrvo.org/post/how-factory-man-fought-save-his-furniture-company In the town of Bassett in southern Virginia, some of the downtown street lights are dark. Mon, 14 Jul 2014 19:34:00 +0000 editor 58853 at http://wrvo.org How A Factory Man Fought To Save His Furniture Company Fresh Air Weekend: Richard Linklater, Strand Of Oaks And Brian Krebs http://wrvo.org/post/fresh-air-weekend-richard-linklater-strand-oaks-and-brian-krebs Fresh Air Weekend<em> highlights some of the best interviews and reviews from past weeks, and new program elements specially paced for weekends. Our weekend show emphasizes interviews with writers, filmmakers, actors, and musicians, and often includes excerpts from live in-studio concerts. This week:</em><p><strong>Filmed Over 12 Years, 'Boyhood' Follows A Kid's Coming Of Age:</strong> Writer-director Richard Linklater says picking the film's star was vital because he had to guess what he'd be like at 18. Sat, 12 Jul 2014 18:24:00 +0000 editor 58786 at http://wrvo.org Fresh Air Weekend: Richard Linklater, Strand Of Oaks And Brian Krebs 'Fresh Air' Remembers Soul Singer And Songwriter Bobby Womack http://wrvo.org/post/fresh-air-remembers-soul-singer-and-songwriter-bobby-womack Womack sang for a gospel group with his brothers called the Valentinos. It's All Over Now was their first international hit. Womack, who died June 27 at the age of 70, talked with Terry Gross in 1999. Fri, 11 Jul 2014 18:28:00 +0000 editor 58754 at http://wrvo.org In A Remarkable Feat, 'Boyhood' Makes Time Visible http://wrvo.org/post/remarkable-feat-boyhood-makes-time-visible Transcript <p>TERRY GROSS, HOST: <p>This is FRESH AIR. Our film critic David Edelstein has a review of the new film "Boyhood." It was written and directed by Richard Linklater, who also made the movies, "Slacker," "Dazed And Confused," "School Of Rock," "The Before Sunrise" Trilogy and "Bernie." "Boyhood" covers a dozen years and was shot over a 12 year period. It stars Patricia Arquette, Ethan Hawke and newcomer Ellar Coltrane as the boy we watch grow up.<p>DAVID EDELSTEIN, BYLINE: Boyhood isn't a documentary but it has a documentary hook. Fri, 11 Jul 2014 18:28:00 +0000 David Edelstein 58755 at http://wrvo.org Filmed Over 12 Years, 'Boyhood' Follows A Kid's Coming Of Age http://wrvo.org/post/filmed-over-12-years-boyhood-follows-kids-coming-age Usually when characters age in movies, they're covered with makeup and outfitted with prosthetics — or directors use different actors as the characters grow older. But in the new film <em>Boyhood</em>, none of that is necessary.<p>The film takes place over the course of 12 years, and it was shot over the course of 12 years. So we watch the actors getting older for real, which gives their characters a sense of authenticity.<p>At the beginning of the movie, the main character, Mason, is 6 years old. Thu, 10 Jul 2014 19:03:00 +0000 editor 58681 at http://wrvo.org Filmed Over 12 Years, 'Boyhood' Follows A Kid's Coming Of Age Fred Hersch Knows His Trios http://wrvo.org/post/fred-hersch-knows-his-trios Over the last 30 years, jazz pianist <a href="http://www.npr.org/artists/14997031/fred-hersch">Fred Hersch</a> has recorded in solo, duo, quartet, quintet and double-trio settings, with big band and with orchestras. <em>Fresh Air</em> jazz critic Kevin Whitehead says the classic piano, bass and drums trio format suits Hersch best of all in a review of <em>Floating</em>. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Thu, 10 Jul 2014 19:02:00 +0000 editor 58682 at http://wrvo.org Fred Hersch Knows His Trios 10 Years Later, Mystery Heroine 'Maisie Dobbs' Gains New Life http://wrvo.org/post/10-years-later-mystery-heroine-maisie-dobbs-gains-new-life If you asked mystery fans to name the most important novel of the past decade, most would say <em>The Girl With the Dragon Tattoo</em> — and they'd be right. In fact, Stieg Larsson's complete Millennium series, flanked by hordes of Nordic noirs by the likes of Henning Mankell, Camilla Lackberg and Jo Nesbo, have overrun the ranks of hard-boiled detective fiction, imbuing it with their distinctive strain of brittle dialogue and chill fatalism. Thu, 10 Jul 2014 19:02:00 +0000 Maureen Corrigan 58683 at http://wrvo.org 10 Years Later, Mystery Heroine 'Maisie Dobbs' Gains New Life If Jim Lauderdale Is A Song, More People Should Hear It http://wrvo.org/post/if-jim-lauderdale-song-more-people-should-hear-it <a href="http://www.npr.org/artists/16295727/jim-lauderdale">Jim Lauderdale</a>'s new album is called <em>I'm A Song</em>, a title that suggests his deep Wed, 09 Jul 2014 18:37:00 +0000 Ken Tucker 58607 at http://wrvo.org Biologist Says Promoting Diversity Is Key To 'Keeping The Bees' http://wrvo.org/post/biologist-says-promoting-diversity-key-keeping-bees Every year, more than half of the honeybee hives in the United States are taken to California to pollinate the state's almond crop.<p>Biologist Laurence Packer says this illustrates both our dependence on honeybees to pollinate many plants people rely on for food and the devastating decline in the domestic honeybee population in recent years.<p>The loss of honeybees has been attributed to a variety of causes, from <a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/thesalt/2014/04/30/308349393/smiting-the-mite-to-save-the-bees-and-the-crops-they-pollinate">nasty parasites</a> to the stress of being transported Wed, 09 Jul 2014 18:37:00 +0000 editor 58608 at http://wrvo.org Biologist Says Promoting Diversity Is Key To 'Keeping The Bees' 'The Strain' And 'Extant' Play On Fears Of Forces Out Of Our Control http://wrvo.org/post/strain-and-extant-play-fears-forces-out-our-control They say every generation gets the science fiction it deserves, built around its biggest and most primal fears. Well, maybe they don't say that — but they should. In the '50s, all those movies about mutant giant monsters going berserk were a way for us to channel our fears about the atomic bomb. In the same way, in that same decade, all those body-snatcher movies were about being unable to tell friend from foe, or trust even your closest loved ones — the perfect paranoid parable for the Communist witch-hunting era.<p>So what are we watching this decade, more than anything else? Wed, 09 Jul 2014 18:37:00 +0000 David Bianculli 58609 at http://wrvo.org 'The Strain' And 'Extant' Play On Fears Of Forces Out Of Our Control 'Violette' Evokes Exasperating Self-Pity, A Trait The French Like http://wrvo.org/post/violette-evokes-exasperating-self-pity-trait-french Americans put a lot of stock in being likable. Pollsters take surveys of the president's likability. Test screenings check whether we like the characters in movies. And when a literary novelist like Claire Messud mocks the notion that fictional characters should be someone we'd like to be friends with, writers of popular fiction attack her for snootiness.<p>You rarely find such disputes in France, which finds our fetish of likability charmingly simple, rather like our shock at politicians committing adultery. Tue, 08 Jul 2014 20:51:00 +0000 John Powers 58560 at http://wrvo.org 'Violette' Evokes Exasperating Self-Pity, A Trait The French Like The Hazards Of Probing The Internet's Dark Side http://wrvo.org/post/hazards-probing-internets-dark-side Late last year, hackers breached Target's data security and stole information from millions of credit cards. Brian Krebs, who writes about cybercrime and computer security for his blog, <a href="http://krebsonsecurity.com/">Krebs on Security</a>, broke the story. Tue, 08 Jul 2014 20:30:00 +0000 editor 58559 at http://wrvo.org The Hazards Of Probing The Internet's Dark Side 'Fresh Air' Remembers Actor Meshach Taylor http://wrvo.org/post/fresh-air-remembers-actor-meshach-taylor Transcript <p>TERRY GROSS, HOST: <p>This is FRESH AIR. The actor Meshach Taylor died on June 28 at the age of 67. We're going to remember him by listening back to our 1990 interview. Taylor was best known for his role on the TV sitcom "Designing Women" playing Anthony Bouvier, an ex-convict who's a deliveryman for a company of women interior designers in Atlanta. He eventually became their partner in the company.<p>Meshach Taylor was on the show from 1986 to 1993. Mon, 07 Jul 2014 17:20:00 +0000 editor 58468 at http://wrvo.org The Westerlies Come On Home With Horvitz http://wrvo.org/post/westerlies-come-home-horvitz The Westerlies is a quartet of young New York brass players who know each other from school days in Seattle. Their debut album is a set of pieces by Seattle-based composer and improviser Wayne Horvitz. Jazz critic Kevin Whitehead says Horvitz and the Westerlies are a perfect fit. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Mon, 07 Jul 2014 17:20:00 +0000 Kevin Whitehead 58469 at http://wrvo.org 'Fresh Air' Remembers Screenwriter Paul Mazursky http://wrvo.org/post/fresh-air-remembers-screenwriter-paul-mazursky Transcript <p>TERRY GROSS, HOST: <p>This is FRESH AIR. I'm Terry Gross. The screenwriter, director and actor Paul Mazursky died one week ago at the age of 84. Today we remember him by listening back to excerpts of two interviews we recorded. Mon, 07 Jul 2014 17:20:00 +0000 editor 58470 at http://wrvo.org Fresh Air Weekend: Joel McHale, 'Friendship,' And 'The Great Fish Swap' http://wrvo.org/post/fresh-air-weekend-joel-mchale-friendship-and-great-fish-swap Fresh Air Weekend<em> highlights some of the best interviews and reviews from past weeks, and new program elements specially paced for weekends. Our weekend show emphasizes interviews with writers, filmmakers, actors, and musicians, and often includes excerpts from live in-studio concerts. This week:</em><p><strong>Comedian Joel McHale Talks Dyslexia, Bad TV And Filming A Thriller:</strong> The host of <em>The Soup</em> co-stars in the thriller <em>Deliver Us From Evil</em>. Sat, 05 Jul 2014 15:44:00 +0000 editor 58408 at http://wrvo.org Fresh Air Weekend: Joel McHale, 'Friendship,' And 'The Great Fish Swap' In Big Bill Broonzy's Blues, Brothers Find A Way To Sing Together http://wrvo.org/post/big-bill-broonzys-blues-brothers-find-way-sing-together-0 Dave and Phil Alvin have made their first full album together in nearly 30 years, a tribute to one of their early influences. "His persona was so big to me," Phil Alvin tells <em>Fresh Air</em>'s Terry Gross.<p><em>Originally broadcast June 11, 2014.</em> <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.<img src="http://www.google-analytics.com/__utm.gif?utmac=UA-5828686-4&utmdt=In+Big+Bill+Broonzy%27s+Blues%2C+Brothers+Find+A+Way+To+Sing+Together&utme=8(APIKey)9(MDEyMzg0OTk0MDEzODE1MjM2ODE2ODgyMg004)"/></div><p> Fri, 04 Jul 2014 19:35:00 +0000 editor 58377 at http://wrvo.org In Big Bill Broonzy's Blues, Brothers Find A Way To Sing Together In Charming Film 'Begin Again,' Music Can Save A Life http://wrvo.org/post/charming-film-begin-again-music-can-save-life Transcript <p>TERRY GROSS, HOST: <p>This is FRESH AIR. Director John Carney had a surprise hit with his low-budget musical "Once." And he returns to the musical arena - this time in New York and not Dublin - with his new movie "Begin Again." Keira Knightley plays a heartbroken singer-songwriter who teams up with a down and out drunken producer played by Mark Ruffalo. Thu, 03 Jul 2014 18:14:00 +0000 David Edelstein 58321 at http://wrvo.org