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12:42pm

Thu October 23, 2014
The Two-Way

Ottawa Attack Seen As Canada's Security Wake-Up Call

Originally published on Thu October 23, 2014 2:28 pm

Ottawa police officers, with Parliament Hill in the background, guard the area around the National War Memorial in downtown Ottawa on Thursday.
Blair Gable Reuters/Landov

Until Wednesday, the front door of Canada's main Parliament building, Centre Block, was often left unlocked. Taken as a metaphor for the nation as a whole, many think the attack in Ottawa will change that approach to security.

In the assault, a soldier was killed as he guarded the National War Memorial and a shootout left the gunman dead inside Canada's parliamentary complex.

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12:41pm

Thu October 23, 2014
Goats and Soda

Blizzard In Nepal Deals A Blow To Porters As Well As Trekkers

Bilbahadur Tamang, right, and Umesh Lama load up for a trek on the popular Annapurna Circuit.
Donatella Lorch for NPR

In early October, blizzard conditions in Nepal killed more than 16 foreign trekkers and 17 locals, most of them lightly-dressed porters who were carrying the trekkers' gear. The tragedy calls attention to the dangers of trekking — and the risky life of local porters.

At 42, Rane Tamang knows the trekking business well. From a poor village in central Nepal and with little formal education, he started work as a porter 25 years ago, lugging 90 pounds of gear up mountains. He moved up to serve as an assistant cook and now alternates between cook and guide.

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12:41pm

Thu October 23, 2014
Goats and Soda

I'll (Gag) Drink To That: Oral Rehydration Key For Ebola Patients

Originally published on Thu October 23, 2014 3:15 pm

At the onset of symptoms, Dr. Adaora Ingonoh (center) and her colleagues began drinking oral rehydration solution. It doesn't taste great but they say it helped them survive Ebola. They each downed over a gallon a day for nearly a week.
Andrew Esiebo Courtesy of WHO

Have you ever swallowed unflavored rehydration solution, or ORS? That's what they call the mixture of salt, sugar and water given to Ebola patients.

I've taken more than a mouthful, and urgh! It tastes dreadful.

But doctors who were among Nigeria's Ebola survivors all agree that they may not have recovered from the virus without having forced down the foul-tasting, but apparently life-saving fluid.

Gallons of it.

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12:00pm

Thu October 23, 2014
All Tech Considered

Mark Zuckerberg Shows Off His Mandarin Chinese Skills

Originally published on Thu October 23, 2014 2:18 pm

In a photo released by Tsinghua University in Beijing, Facebook co-founder Mark Zuckerberg speaks with students there on Wednesday.
AP

11:49am

Thu October 23, 2014
The Salt

Why California's Drought-Stressed Fruit May Be Better For You

Originally published on Thu October 23, 2014 7:01 pm

These pomegranates are about an inch smaller than the typical size, but they're packed with antioxidants.
Courtesy of Tiziana Centofanti

California's severe drought is putting stress on everyone these days: the residents whose wells are running dry; the farmers forced to experiment with growing their produce with much less water; and of course, the thirsty fruits and vegetables themselves.

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11:15am

Thu October 23, 2014
The Protojournalist

Girl Scouts Look For A Way Out Of The Woods

Originally published on Thu October 23, 2014 2:06 pm

Girl Scouts model contemporary uniforms.
From Girl Scouts of the USA website

The Girl Scouts organization wants s'more — members and leaders, that is.

Membership in Girl Scouts of the USA is on the decline. In the past year, according to the group's official blog, there has been a significant drop nationwide — down 400,000 girls and adults — from 3.2 million to 2.8 million.

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11:11am

Thu October 23, 2014
The Two-Way

Canada's Parliament Gives Sergeant-At-Arms Standing Ovation

Originally published on Thu October 23, 2014 2:31 pm

Sergeant-at-Arms Kevin Vickers is applauded in the House of Commons in Ottawa on Thursday. Vickers was credited with shooting the suspect during an attack on the Parliament complex on Wednesday.
Chris Wattie Reuters/Landov

Barely 24 hours after a gunman attacked Parliament Hill in Ottawa, killing a soldier, lawmakers gave a standing ovation to Kevin Vickers, the legislature's sergeant-at-arms, for reportedly firing the shots that took down the assailant.

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10:58am

Thu October 23, 2014
American Made: The New Manufacturing Landscape

No Mere Merry-Go-Round: Ohio Carousel Maker Carves From Scratch

Originally published on Thu October 23, 2014 4:33 pm

The National Zoo's carousel is among dozens that Carousel Works has installed around the U.S., each made to fit in with its surroundings.
James Clark NPR

Wooden carousels with carved and painted animals seem like a relic of the past. But Carousel Works in Mansfield, Ohio, is still making them to order.

"Our biggest trade secret is we've got this big barrel of elbow grease. You've gotta come in here and work every day," says co-owner Art Ritchie.

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10:52am

Thu October 23, 2014
Economy

You're Enjoying Low Gas Prices, But Is It Really A Good Sign?

Originally published on Thu October 23, 2014 2:40 pm

Macy Gould shared this photo from Lexington, Ky., where the gas prices are under $3.
Macy Gould Instagram

All around the country, gasoline prices have been falling for weeks, down to an average of about $3 a gallon. Those lower prices are helping restrain inflation across the board.

On Wednesday, the Labor Department said its consumer price index barely inched up 0.1 percent last month. Over the past 12 months, the CPI has risen by 1.7 percent, roughly half of its historical average rate of increase.

That sounds great for consumers.

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8:58am

Thu October 23, 2014
Shots - Health News

Scientists Fight For Superbug Research As U.S. Pauses Funding

Originally published on Thu October 23, 2014 6:35 pm

A rogues gallery of the viruses (left to right) that cause MERS, SARS, and influenza.
Niaid; 3D4Medical; Niaid/Science Source

An unusual government moratorium aimed at controversial research with high-risk viruses has halted important public health research, scientists told an advisory committee to the federal government on Wednesday.

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8:32am

Thu October 23, 2014
The Two-Way

Family Says Nurse Amber Vinson Is Free Of Ebola

Originally published on Thu October 23, 2014 2:10 pm

Amber Vinson in a photograph taken earlier this week at Emory University Hospital in Atlanta. Officials at Emory and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention couldn't detect Ebola in Amber Vinson as of Tuesday evening, her family said in a statement.
AP

Updated at 11:45 a.m. ET.

A Texas nurse who contracted Ebola while treating Thomas Eric Duncan in a Dallas hospital is now free of the potentially deadly virus, her family says.

Amber Vinson, 29, remains in treatment at Emory University Hospital in Atlanta, but her family said in a statement that since Tuesday evening, doctors had been unable to detect traces of the disease in her blood.

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7:57am

Thu October 23, 2014
The Two-Way

Ottawa Gunman's Actions Were 'Linked To His Radicalization,' Authorities Say

Originally published on Thu October 23, 2014 7:08 pm

A makeshift memorial sits on a downtown street a block away from Canada's National War Memorial in Ottawa to remember Canadian soldier Nathan Cirillo, who was shot and killed by an assailant Wednesday.
Warren Toda EPA/Landov

Updated at 4:54 p.m. ET

The mother of the man identified as having gunned down a soldier before storming into Canada's Parliament complex offered condolences to the family of the victim, saying she had not seen her son for five years before meeting him for lunch last week.

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7:09am

Thu October 23, 2014
The Two-Way

Tweets In Hong Kong Put Kenny G In Jam With Communist Party

Originally published on Thu October 23, 2014 1:58 pm

After deleting tweets from a Hong Kong protest site, Kenny G said he was "not trying to defy government orders."
Tomasz Gzell EPA/Landov

Politics between Hong Kong and mainland China are a minefield these days, and if Kenny G, the 1980s saxophone superstar, didn't know it, he does now.

Kenny G, who is hugely popular in mainland China, was in Hong Kong on Wednesday and decided to pop by the main pro-democracy protest camp, which is now in its fourth week.

He posed for photos with fans, flashed a peace sign and said he hoped the demonstrations would end peacefully.

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6:31am

Thu October 23, 2014
Jazz

Herbie Hancock: 'On A Path To Find My Own Answer'

Originally published on Thu October 23, 2014 10:26 am

Herbie Hancock's new memoir is titled Possibilities.
Jessica Hancock Courtesy of the artist

5:30am

Thu October 23, 2014
World

With Bears On The Streets, Canadian Town Cancels Halloween

Originally published on Thu October 23, 2014 7:14 am

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:

And now this. Winter comes early in the Canadian Arctic, which means polar bear season.

DAVID GREENE, HOST:

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5:30am

Thu October 23, 2014
Education

Wave Away Math Homework With An App

Originally published on Thu October 23, 2014 7:14 am

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:

Good morning, I'm Steve Inskeep. Suppose you need the answer to 70 times five?

DAVID GREENE, HOST:

It's 350.

INSKEEP: Or 12 times four.

GREENE: 48.

INSKEEP: That's impressive, David.

GREENE: Well, thank you.

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5:30am

Thu October 23, 2014
Europe

How Much Would You Pay For A Putin-Themed Music Box?

Originally published on Thu October 23, 2014 7:14 am

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

DAVID GREENE, HOST:

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4:47am

Thu October 23, 2014
Parallels

Israel's Defense Minister: Mideast Borders 'Absolutely' Will Change

Originally published on Thu October 23, 2014 3:40 pm

Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Ya'alon delivers a statement at the Israel Defense Forces headquarters in Jerusalem in June.
Thomas Coex AFP/Getty Images

Israel's Defense Minister Moshe Ya'alon is known for his blunt manner, and in an interview with NPR, he says a future map of the Middle East will look very different from the one that exists today.

The borders of many Arab states were drawn up by Westerners a century ago, and wars in recent years show that a number of them are doomed to break apart, according to Ya'alon, a career soldier who became Israel's defense minister last year.

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4:47am

Thu October 23, 2014
Goats and Soda

Ebola Is Keeping Kids From Getting Vaccinated In Liberia

Originally published on Thu October 23, 2014 9:21 am

A mom at the Community Clinic in Louisiana Township, about 15 miles from Monrovia, says all her children have been vaccinated.
Jon Hamilton NPR

When Ebola began killing people in the Monrovia suburb of Clara Town several months ago, some residents blamed vaccines.

One vaccinator in the town says mothers didn't want her near their babies.

"They had a notion that when the people come to the hospital, we would inject them and kill them," says vaccinator Che Che Richardson at the Clara Town Health Center, "because it was the hospital giving the people Ebola."

Rumors like that, combined with the closing of many health facilities, have caused childhood vaccinations rates to plummet in Liberia.

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4:29am

Thu October 23, 2014
Latin America

Mexican Prosecutor Says Mayor, Wife Ordered Attack On Students

Originally published on Thu October 23, 2014 8:59 am

In Mexico City on Wednesday, people march to demand justice for 43 missing students. Mexican authorities ordered the arrest of the mayor of Iguala and his wife in connection with the attack.
Yuri Cortez AFP/Getty Images

Mexico's top prosecutor says a mayor and his wife ordered the attack on 43 students who have been missing for nearly a month. The couple — of the town of Iguala in the southern state of Guerrero — are now fugitives.

Thousands of protesters marched down Mexico City's grand Reforma Boulevard on Wednesday night, banging drums, carrying pictures of the 43 students who went missing on Sept. 26, and demanding the resignation of the governor of the state of Guerrero and even of President Enrique Pena Nieto.

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6:28pm

Wed October 22, 2014
World

Soldier, Gunman Dead After Ottawa Shooting

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

5:41pm

Wed October 22, 2014
Goats and Soda

Surrogacy Storm In Thailand: A Rejected Baby, A Busy Babymaker

Originally published on Wed October 22, 2014 6:28 pm

Thai surrogate mother Pattaramon Chanbua with her baby Gammy, who was born with Down Syndrome. An Australian couple who'd arranged for Pattaramon to serve as their surrogate rejected the child.
Nicolas Asfouri AFP/Getty Images

Baby Gammy might mean the end of Thailand's lucrative surrogacy business.

He's the child who was carried by a surrogate mom in Thailand-- and rejected by the Australian couple who had agreed to pay the mother $12,000. The reason: Prenatal testing showed that the baby, a twin, had Down syndrome.

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5:26pm

Wed October 22, 2014
Environment

Coping In A Drier World: California's Drought Survival Strategy

Originally published on Wed October 22, 2014 7:44 pm

The San Luis Reservoir in central California is the largest "off-channel" reservoir in the U.S. It is currently at less than 30 percent of its normal capacity.
Kirk Siegler NPR

The past few years have been California's driest on record. Forecasters predict that punishing droughts like the current one could become the new norm.

The state uses water rationing and a 90-year-old water distribution system to cope until the rains come. The system is a huge network of dams, canals and pipes that move water from the places it rains and snows to places it typically doesn't, like farms and cities.

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5:07pm

Wed October 22, 2014
The Two-Way

NHTSA Adds More Than 3 Million Vehicles To Air Bag Recall

Takata Ignition Systems in Schoenebeck, Germany, which makes air bags. Millions of automobiles have been recalled because of a defect in the air bags' inflators.
Jens Meyer AP

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has once again changed the number of cars included in a massive and urgent recall over an inflator defect in air bags made by the Japanese company Takata.

Initially, 4.7 million vehicles were recalled, but in a list released on Wednesday, NHTSA added 3.1 million additional vehicles.

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4:50pm

Wed October 22, 2014
Goats and Soda

Drones Are Taking Pictures That Could Demystify A Malaria Surge

Researchers download images after a drone flight in Sabah, Malaysia.
Courtesy of Trends in Parasitology, Fornace et al

Aerial drones are targeting a new enemy: malaria.

Four hundred feet above a Malaysian forest, a three-foot eBee drone hovers and takes pictures with a 16-megapixel camera every 10 to 20 seconds. But it's not gathering images of the mosquitoes that transmit malaria. Even today's best drones aren't capable of such a photographic marvel. Rather, the drone is looking at a changing landscape that holds clues to the disease's spread.

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4:45pm

Wed October 22, 2014
Shots - Health News

Poll: Broad Support In U.S. For Ebola Travel Ban

A passenger wearing a face mask arrives at Los Angeles International Airport Friday. Federal officials now require people traveling from West Africa to enter the U.S. at one of five airports equipped to screen them for signs of Ebola.
Mark Ralston AFP/Getty Images

How do Americans feel about Ebola and the U.S. response to the outbreak so far?

NPR and our partners at Truven Health Analytics asked more than 3,000 adults in a poll conducted online and by phone (mobile and landline) Oct. 1-15.

Nearly everyone — 97 percent — knew about the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, and a slim majority of those people, or 53 percent, believe the U.S. government has taken a leadership role in response.

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4:44pm

Wed October 22, 2014
All Tech Considered

Cloud Data Security Concerns Raised After Reported Attack In China

Originally published on Wed October 22, 2014 6:28 pm

A customer sets up her new iPhone 6 at an Apple store in Beijing on Friday. A group says the Chinese government backed an attack against users of Apple's iCloud service, but the government denies the claim.
Feng Li Getty Images

Apple CEO Tim Cook on Wednesday spoke with officials in China about data security and privacy. This meeting comes on the heels of a reported attack against users of Apple's iCloud service in China. Hackers allegedly were able to get hold of users' data by intercepting traffic on the Internet. They did not break into Apple servers.

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4:32pm

Wed October 22, 2014
NPR Ed

The Slide Rule: A Computing Device That Put A Man On The Moon

Originally published on Wed October 22, 2014 6:28 pm

LA Johnson NPR

The protractor and the Bunsen burner. Playing the recorder in music class. Drawing arcs and circles with a compass in geometry. These tools of the education trade become part of our lives for a semester or two and then we move on.

Today, NPR Ed begins a new series examining these icons of the classroom. We start off with a device that once was essential to higher-level math, in school and in the workplace, but now has all but disappeared:

The slide rule.

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4:32pm

Wed October 22, 2014
Science

Bigger Than A T. Rex, With A Duck's Bill, Huge Arms And A Hump

Originally published on Wed October 22, 2014 8:24 pm

Reconstruction of Deinocheirus mirificus.
Yuong-Nam Lee/Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources

Scientists announced Tuesday they've solved the mystery of the Mongolian ostrich dinosaur.

The mystery began in 1965, when fossil hunters found a pair of 6-foot-long, heavily clawed arm bones in Mongolia's Gobi desert. Nobody had seen anything like them before. Now, scientists say, they've got the rest of the beast ... and dinosaur textbooks may need to be rewritten.

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4:32pm

Wed October 22, 2014
U.S.

How Did 'Good Girls' From Colorado Get Recruited By ISIS?

Originally published on Wed October 22, 2014 6:28 pm

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST:

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