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3:00pm

Wed October 19, 2011
Middle East

Turkish Troops Stage Incursion Into Iraq

Transcript

ROBERT SIEGEL, host: Turkish troops are in what Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan is calling hot pursuit. They're chasing Kurdish rebels who ambushed and killed Turkish soldiers earlier today along Turkey's border with Iraq. Turkish and Iraqi media are reporting that these troops have crossed into Iraq to retaliate against the militants.

NPR's Kelly McEvers has the story from Baghdad.

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3:00pm

Wed October 19, 2011
Middle East

Peace Activist Spurred Prisoner Swap

Transcript

ROBERT SIEGEL, host: The agreement between Israel and Hamas, to exchange over a thousand Palestinian prisoners for the captured soldier Gilad Shalit, was brought about thanks to a couple of intermediaries. The Egyptians were involved, so were the Germans. But the agreement also depended on some back channel communications between Israelis and Palestinians in Hamas.

Middle East correspondent Patrick Martin of the Canadian newspaper the Globe and Mail has written about those communications, and he joins us now from Jerusalem. Welcome to the program.

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2:53pm

Wed October 19, 2011
Politics

Opponents Say S.C.'s Voting Law Unfair For The Poor

Sharecropper Willie Blair (left) of Sumter, S.C., has used that name all his life, and it was on his Social Security card. But his birth certificate says "Willie Lee McCoy." Blair never went to school and is illiterate. His cousin Raymond Evans (right) tried to help him get an ID so Blair could vote; but Evans says it was a frustrating process.

Pam Fessler NPR

South Carolina is one of several states that passed laws this year requiring voters to show a government-issued photo ID at the polls. The South Carolina measure still needs approval from the U.S. Justice Department to ensure that it doesn't discriminate against certain voters.

Voting rights advocates say the requirement will be a big burden for some, especially the elderly and the poor, who can have a difficult time getting a photo ID — even in this day and age.

The Bureaucratic Maze

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2:52pm

Wed October 19, 2011
NPR Story

Small Changes Can Help You 'Thrive' Happily

Dan Buettner spent years seeking out the happiest populations in the world to try to figure out what characteristics they shared. Tightly knit networks of family and friends were key, he found. In Mexico, for example, Buettner found a "family first" mentality that applied to both immediate and extended family helped Mexicans cope in otherwise stressful circumstances.

iStockphoto.com

Many people believe that happiness comes from money or youth or beauty, but Dan Buettner would respectfully disagree. Buettner visited some of the happiest places on Earth and argues that the real keys to happiness lie in fundamental, permanent changes to the way we live.

During a five-year study, the National Geographic fellow located the world's happiest places — in Denmark, Singapore, Mexico and California — and researched the characteristics those areas shared that improved the lives of residents.

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2:51pm

Wed October 19, 2011
The Two-Way

Fed Sees An Expanding Economy; Check How Its Language Has Changed

Eight times a year the Federal Reserve releases "beige book" reports about how the economy is doing. Named for the traditional color of their covers and based on reports from the central bank's 12 districts, they're largely anecdotal and full of generalizations about what businesses leaders and others are saying about current conditions.

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2:34pm

Wed October 19, 2011
Education

Why Is College So Expensive?

Originally published on Wed October 19, 2011 6:16 pm

Sproul Plaza at the University of California, Berkeley. Tuition at U.C. Berkeley was about $700 a year in the 1970s. Today, families pay over $15,000 per year to attend.

Eric Risberg AP

Many of the protesters occupying Wall Street and other places say they are upset about the rising price of going to college. Tuition and other costs have been going up faster than inflation, and family incomes can't keep up. Despite public outrage about the problem, there's little sign these costs will drop anytime soon.

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2:29pm

Wed October 19, 2011
Shots - Health Blog

IQ Isn't Set In Stone, Suggests Study That Finds Big Jumps, Dips In Teens

Originally published on Thu October 20, 2011 11:50 am

Brain researchers say the big fluctuations in IQ performance they found in teens were not random — or a fluke.

iStockphoto.com

For as long as there's been an IQ test, there's been controversy over what it measures. Do IQ scores capture a person's intellectual capacity, which supposedly remains stable over time? Or is the Intelligent Quotient exam really an achievement test — similar to the S.A.T. — that's subject to fluctuations in scores?

The findings of a new study add evidence to the latter theory: IQ seems to be a gauge of acquired knowledge that progresses in fits and starts.

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2:11pm

Wed October 19, 2011
The Salt

FDA Probe Points To Cantaloupe Packing Plant As Source Of Listeria

Originally published on Wed October 19, 2011 5:42 pm

Owner Eric Jensen examines cantaloupe on the Jensen Farms near Holly, Colo., last month.

Ed Andrieski AP

The Jensen Farms cantaloupe blamed for the deadliest listeria outbreak in years may have become contaminated in the farm's own packing facilities.

That's the conclusion of the FDA's investigation into the source of the outbreak so far, although the saga is far from over.

And once again, the likely culprit is poop.

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1:54pm

Wed October 19, 2011
The Two-Way

Americans' Student Loans Balance Now Exceeds $1 Trillion

Originally published on Wed October 19, 2011 2:04 pm

Americans now owe more on student loans than they do on credit card debt. Estimates show students graduating this year with about $27,000 in debt.
iStockphoto.com

USA Today parses through New York Federal Reserve's latest report (pdf) on Household Debt and Credit and finds that for the first time, this year the amount of student loans will surpass the $100 billion mark and the outstanding balance will exceed $1 trillion.

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1:01pm

Wed October 19, 2011
The Two-Way

Reports: U.S. To Resume Talks With North Korea, Appoint New Envoy

"The United States will hold a fresh round of talks with North Korea on its nuclear weapons program next week and appoint a new full-time envoy as its seeks to deepen its engagement with the reclusive regime," U.S. officials and a Washington-based foreign diplomat tell The Associated Press.

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1:00pm

Wed October 19, 2011
NPR Story

Rangers And Cardinals Face Off In World Series

Transcript

NEAL CONAN, host: The World Series begins tonight in St. Louis. The Texas Rangers return from last year, looking for their first world championship. The Cardinals hope to win number 11. The Rangers cruised atop the American League West most of the season and dismissed Tampa and Detroit in the playoffs, while the Cardinals squeaked into the National League wild card berth and dumped the favored Phillies and Milwaukee's Brewers.

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1:00pm

Wed October 19, 2011
NPR Story

Blind Student Helps Make Denver Navigable For All

Many college campuses have emergency telephones marked with flashing blue lights. They don't help students like Claudia Folska. She's blind. Folska is working with the city of Denver to make the area more navigable, doing things like adding a sound component to the emergency phone booths.

1:00pm

Wed October 19, 2011
Politics

What's Next For The Republican Pack

Transcript

NEAL CONAN, host: This is TALK OF THE NATION. I'm Neal Conan in Washington. Fight night in Vegas, the president breaks it down nice and easy, and Herman Cain's electrifying proposal on immigration. It's Wednesday and time for a...

HERMAN CAIN: That's a joke...

CONAN: Edition of the Political Junkie.

RONALD REAGAN: There you go again.

WALTER MONDALE: When I hear your new ideas, I'm reminded of that ad: Where's the beef?

BARRY GOLDWATER: Extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice.

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12:59pm

Wed October 19, 2011
The Two-Way

More Than 90 Dead, Thousands Displaced In Central American Floods

People observe the damage caused by a landslide on the Pan-American highway 55 Km south of Tegucigalpa.

Orlando Sierra AFP/Getty Images

For the past week, the rain across Central America has been relentless. The AFP reports that some places have received 47 inches over the course of a week.

The floods have killed nearly 100 people and displaced 700,000. The AFP has more:

The unusually heavy rainfall came as the region was pounded from one weather system from the Pacific and another from the Caribbean.

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12:49pm

Wed October 19, 2011
Media

The Informal Media Team Behind Occupy Wall Street

Originally published on Mon September 16, 2013 2:38 pm

Colin Laws mans an Internet live-stream station in Zuccotti Park near Wall Street. He says he was inspired in part to join the protests by Hero Vincent, another member of the group's Livestream team.

Emmanuel Dunand AFP/Getty Images

Protesters are not only occupying Lower Manhattan's Zuccotti Park; they're also occupying Twitter and other social media sites like Livestream, where visitors to the site can watch live footage from the protests.

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12:45pm

Wed October 19, 2011
The Two-Way

Windy City Indeed: 25-Foot Waves Likely Along Chicago Shoreline Today

Waves were already crashing along Chicago's shore with Lake Michigan earlier today.

nbcchicago.com

High winds, heavy rain and waves of up to 25 feet are forecast for later today along Chicago's shore with Lake Michigan.

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12:25pm

Wed October 19, 2011
It's All Politics

Perry-Romney Feud Over Illegal Workers Took Oddly Long Time To Develop

Originally published on Thu October 20, 2011 12:43 pm

Mitt Romney and Texas Gov. Rick Perry clash at Republican presidential debate, Oct. 18, 2011 in Las Vegas, Nv.

Ethan Miller Getty Images

With all the time he's had to prepare since 2008 when he last ran for president, you might have thought Mitt Romney would have come up with a more persuasive and sympathetic defense to the charge that illegal immigrants once worked on his Massachusetts property.

And with all the news coverage that issue got during the 2008 presidential campaign, including being raised in GOP debates, you might have also thought that Texas Gov. Rick Perry would have resorted to the story sooner to put Romney on the defensive and counter Romney's immigration attacks on him.

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12:11pm

Wed October 19, 2011
The Two-Way

Mario Andretti: 'No Tension' With Jimmie Johnson Over Indy Car Tragedy

Mario Andretti.

Robert Laberge Getty Images

In the aftermath of IndyCar driver Dan Wheldon's death Saturday at Las Vegas Motor Speedway, there's been a passionate discussion going on in the racing world about whether it was just too risky to have open-wheel-style cars on an oval track with banked turns designed for NASCAR races.

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12:11pm

Wed October 19, 2011
Europe

'Mother Of All Strikes' Brings Greece To A Standstill

Originally published on Wed October 19, 2011 1:18 pm

A riot policeman's clothing catches fire after being hit by a gasoline bomb during clashes with protesters Wednesday outside the Greek Parliament in Athens.

Thanassis Stavrakis AP

Anger over proposed new austerity measures boiled over in Greece on Wednesday as unions shut down the country with what one newspaper called "the mother of all strikes."

Flights were grounded, and state offices and shops were shuttered on the first day of a 48-hour general strike, the biggest organized protest against austerity since the debt crisis began almost two years ago.

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12:07pm

Wed October 19, 2011
The Salt

School Lunch Potato Fight Gets The Colbert Treatment

You know that a political food fight may be a teensy bit out of hand when it becomes fodder for late night TV. And that's exactly what happened last night to the long-running saga of the subsidized school lunch spud.

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12:00pm

Wed October 19, 2011
Election 2012

Fact-Checking GOP Debate, Campaign YouTube Videos

Health care, illegal immigration and taxes dominated the GOP debate in Las Vegas Tuesday night. Meanwhile, YouTube videos are becoming a staple of campaigns, but can voters trust them? Michel Martin speaks with GOP strategist Mindy Finn to see how candidates fared during the debate. Also, Martin and PolitiFact.com's Bill Adair discuss who told the truth and who didn't, and how GOP presidential hopefuls are using the Internet to deliver political messages.

12:00pm

Wed October 19, 2011
Music

In Your Ear: Jennifer Hambrick

As part of Tell Me More's occasional series "In Your Ear," Jennifer Hambrick, announcer and producer at WOSU Public Media in Columbus, Ohio, shares her favorite classical tunes and Billie Holiday's "I'm a Fool to Want You."

12:00pm

Wed October 19, 2011
Pop Culture

Reality TV Turning Young Girls Into Fame Monsters?

The new film The Ides of March is getting criticism for how it's portraying a female reporter. Also, the Girl Scouts' new report looks at how 1,000 teen and pre-teen girls across America feel about reality TV. How may all these images affect women and girls' self-percerptions? Michel Martin speaks with the Beauty Shop ladies: Girl Scouts USA's Kimberlee Salmond, The Detroit News TV Critic Mekeisha Madden Toby, and Linda Holmes, who writes and edits NPR's entertainment and pop culture blog.

11:55am

Wed October 19, 2011
Shots - Health Blog

Teens' Sexual Attitudes Affected By TV And Mom

Originally published on Wed October 19, 2011 2:05 pm

Even with a strong maternal relationship, teenage boys who watch a lot of TV acquire their attitudes toward sex from gender stereotypes seen on the tube, a new study says.

Andrea K. Gingerich iStockphoto.com

Movies, music and video games always seem to get a bad rap for flooding teenagers' minds with sex. The all-you-can-watch buffet of television is no exception.

A heavy, TV-watching habit makes teens who don't have close relationships with their mothers more likely to have looser attitudes about sex, according to a study of about a thousand 16-year-olds in Belgium. Teens were surveyed about the amount of TV they watched, how close they were with their moms and their attitudes on sex.

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11:18am

Wed October 19, 2011
Asia

At 105, Chinese Linguist Now A Government Critic

Originally published on Wed October 19, 2011 11:59 pm

Zhou Youguang, founder of the Pinyin system of romanizing the Chinese language, has published 10 books since turning 100, some reflecting his critical views of the Chinese government. Shown here in his book-lined study, the outspoken Zhou has witnessed a century of change in China.

Louisa Lim NPR

Zhou Youguang should be a Chinese hero after making what some call the world's most important linguistic innovation: He invented Pinyin, a system of romanizing Chinese characters using the Western alphabet.

But instead, this 105-year-old has become a thorn in the government's side. Zhou has published an amazing 10 books since he turned 100, some of which have been banned in China. These, along with outspoken views on the Communist Party and the need for democracy in China, have made him a "sensitive person" — a euphemism for a political dissident.

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11:17am

Wed October 19, 2011
Economy

The 'Informal Economy' Driving World Business

Robert Neuwirth is an investigative journalist. His writing has appeared in The New York Times, Newsday and The Nation.

Courtesy of the author

More than half of all employed people worldwide work off the books. And that number is expected to climb over the next decade.

"Estimates are that the informal economy around the world is [worth] about $10 trillion a year," says journalist Robert Neuwirth. "That's an astounding figure because what it means, basically, is that if the informal economy was combined in one country, it would be the second-largest economy on Earth, rivaling the United States economy."

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9:55am

Wed October 19, 2011
The Salt

PETA's New Campaign Gives Veggie Lifestyle An 'XXX' Factor

Is asparagus sexy? PETA thinks so

iStockphoto.com

Let's face it, vegetables are the goody-two-shoes of the food world. We eat them because we know they're good for us. They're like station wagons, treadmills, and sensible shoes. They are practical and healthy but they're not much fun. And they're definitely not what most of us would call sexy.

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9:48am

Wed October 19, 2011
It's All Politics

From 9-9-9 To Immigration: Fact-Checking The GOP's Nevada Debate

Originally published on Tue November 22, 2011 5:38 pm

PolitiFact's "Barely True" rating.

PolitiFact

In an interview for Wednesday's All Things Considered, Bill Adair, editor of PolitiFact.com and Washington bureau chief for the St. Petersburg Times, will talk about how candidates at Tuesday night's GOP debate rated on PolitiFact's Truth-O-Meter.

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9:42am

Wed October 19, 2011
The Two-Way

N.Y. Police Officer Who Pepper-Sprayed Occupy Protesters Is Disciplined

Originally published on Wed October 19, 2011 1:06 pm

Members of the Occupy Wall Street community protest outside of the Manhattan District Attorney's office to demand the release of their fellow protesters who were arrested on Oct. 18 in New York City.

Spencer Platt Getty Images

9:17am

Wed October 19, 2011
The Two-Way

Clashes In Streets Reported As Greeks Protest Austerity Measures

Outside the Greek parliament building today, protesters burned a guard box.

Aris Messinis AFP/Getty Images

"Greek riot police have fired tear gas and fought running battles with protesters, amid a 48-hour general strike that has paralyzed the country," the BBC reports.

It adds that: "Tens of thousands are out on the streets of Athens to protest against the government's austerity measures. Some protesters have been hurling smoke bombs and stones at the police."

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