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1:00pm

Tue January 3, 2012
Digital Life

Facebook's Bejar Takes On Compassion Challenge

When Facebook engineer Arturo Bejar observed users were reporting pictures of themselves, not those with illegal content, he recognized the need for a better way for users to resolve internal conflicts. Bejar talks about how Facebook is trying to encourage compassion in online social interaction.

1:00pm

Tue January 3, 2012
From Our Listeners

Letters: Lives Lost In 2011 And Farm Work

NPR's Neal Conan reads from Talk of the Nation listener comments on previous show topics, including our annual show remembering remarkable lives lost, and a recent proposal to change the laws governing what work children may do on farms.

12:33pm

Tue January 3, 2012
Shots - Health Blog

Should Doctors Be 'Parsimonious' About Health Care?

George Peters iStockphoto.com

A major medical group issued ethical guidelines on Monday that take the provocative position of urging doctors to consider cost-effectiveness when deciding how to treat their patients.

The American College of Physicians, the second-largest U.S. doctors' group after the American Medical Association, included the recommendation in the latest version of its ethics manual, which provides guidance for some 132,000 internists nationwide.

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12:32pm

Tue January 3, 2012
The Two-Way

Report: Panetta To Unveil Defense Cuts This Week

Originally published on Tue January 3, 2012 2:23 pm

After U.S. troops pulled out of Iraq, officials are talking cuts in the defense budget.
Lucas Jackson AP

We knew defense cuts were coming, but The New York Times is reporting that Defense Secretary Leon Panetta will unveil $450 billion in cuts this week. With the announcement, reports the Times, will also come a new philosophy for the Pentagon.

The Times reports:

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12:00pm

Tue January 3, 2012
Economy

Housing Rebound In 2012?

The U.S. has gone through five years of foreclosed homes, vacant subdivisions and houses worth less than the owner's mortgage. Host Michel Martin and NPR Senior Business Editor Marilyn Geewax discuss whether predictions of a turnaround in the housing market are realistic or just new year optimism.

12:00pm

Tue January 3, 2012
Money Coach

The 'Frugalista' Guide To Balancing Budgets

With the economy still in a slump, many people are resolving to start 2012 by getting their budgets in order. To break down the basics, host Michel Martin speaks with Natalie McNeal, author of The Frugalista Files. McNeal dug herself out of a $20 thousand debt in just two years.

12:00pm

Tue January 3, 2012
Your Money

When To Put The Brakes On Brand Names For Kids

Whether it's Air Jordan shoes or an Apple iPhone, kids and teens often covet brand name items, especially at this time of year. Is it okay for parents to give these trendy items to their kids, and how much? Host Michel Martin speaks with James Roberts, author of Shiny Objects, and three regular parenting contributors.

12:00pm

Tue January 3, 2012
World

Silence, Militants At Root Of Rapes In Somalia

Reports point to a dramatic rise in rapes of women and girls in Somalia, where severe drought and famine have killed tens of thousands of people and forced countless more, especially females, into refugee camps. Host Michel Martin speaks with Jeffrey Gettleman, East Africa bureau chief for The New York Times. (Advisory: This segment covers material that may not be suitable for all audiences.)

11:59am

Tue January 3, 2012
It's All Politics

Still Alone In New Hampshire, Huntsman Hopes To Pull A Santorum

Originally published on Wed January 4, 2012 5:45 pm

Huntsman may refuse to be the 'goat' of the GOP race, but he and his wife, Mary Kaye, did meet one named Izak and his owner, Bill Higgins, on Monday night outside the McConnell Community Center in Dover, N.H.
John W. Poole NPR

On the last day he'll have New Hampshire to himself, GOP presidential candidate Jon Huntsman, who bypassed the Iowa caucuses, plans to travel from Pembroke to Peterborough in search of enough votes to break into the top three in next week's Granite State primary.

With his presidential opponents scrambling for last-minute support in advance of Tuesday's Iowa caucuses, Huntsman has been methodically wooing New Hampshire voters in nearly 150 events over the past few weeks.

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11:59am

Tue January 3, 2012
Book Reviews

'Diaries' Reveals New York Through The Ages

New York Diaries captures impressions of the city from Henry Hudson to the bloggers watching the events of Sept. 11.
istockphoto.com

Most everyone's spirits are a bit deflated after the holidays. So, as a literary antidote, I recommend a just-published anthology called New York Diaries: 1609 – 2009. Editor Teresa Carpenter has collected four centuries worth of diary excerpts written by people, great and small, who've lived in or just passed through one of the greatest cities in the world.

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11:13am

Tue January 3, 2012
The Two-Way

U.S. Defiant As Iran Threatens Its Aircraft Carrier

Iran claims the USS John C. Stennis has entered a zone near the Strait of Hormuz, which is being used by the Iranian navy for wargames.
Ronald Reeves AFP/Getty Images

Iran issued a threat to a U.S. aircraft carier, today, which further complicates the tense relationship between the two countries. The threat comes just a day after Iran performed naval maneuvers in the Strait of Hormuz.

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10:40am

Tue January 3, 2012
Author Interviews

Stephen Hawking: Exploring An 'Unfettered Mind'

Originally published on Tue January 3, 2012 12:09 pm

Palgrave Macmillan

Make a list of the world's most popular scientists, and Stephen Hawking's name will be near or at the very top of the list.

Hawking, the author of A Brief History of Time and a professor at the University of Cambridge, is known as much for his contributions to theoretical cosmology and quantum gravity as for his willingness to make science accessible for the general public, says science writer Kitty Ferguson.

"It's not dumbing down [science]; it's really making it accessible, hopefully, to a lot of people," she tells Fresh Air's Terry Gross.

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10:34am

Tue January 3, 2012
The Two-Way

Construction Spending Increases, Signaling Continued Economic Growth

In yet another sign that the economy is limping forward, the Commerce Department said today that spending on construction rose 1.2 percent in November for the third time in four months.

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10:18am

Tue January 3, 2012
Politics

Candidates Make Last Push Before Iowa Voting Begins

Supporters of Republican presidential hopeful Ron Paul rally for their candidate during a campaign stop Monday in Cedar Falls, Iowa.
Justin Sullivan Getty Images

Republican presidential candidates prepared Tuesday for their first major test of the primary season, making last-minute whistle-stops throughout Iowa in hopes of swaying many undecided caucus-goers.

Later tonight, Iowa Republicans will gather to cast ballots for the person they want to stand against President Obama in November. But after a bruising months-long campaign, more than a third of those participating in the caucuses say they still haven't made up their minds.

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10:12am

Tue January 3, 2012
It's All Politics

Santorum Explains His Comments About Black People And Entitlements

Republican presidential hopeful Rick Santorum speaks during a campaign event at the Pizza Ranch restaurant in Boone, Iowa on Monday.
Jewel Samad AFP/Getty Images

If you were listening carefully to NPR's Ted Robbin's report on Rick Santorum on Morning Edition, yesterday, you heard some pretty controversial comments from the Republican presidential candidate.

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10:06am

Tue January 3, 2012
Around the Nation

No, The School Nurse Is Not In

More than half of American public schools don't have a full-time nurse, and the situation is getting worse as school systems further cut budgets. This year, 51 were laid off in Philadelphia's public schools, 20 in a Houston suburb, 15 in San Diego and dozens more in other school systems nationwide.

Other schools have reduced their school nurse staffing.

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9:55am

Tue January 3, 2012
Shots - Health Blog

Making The Best Of A Hospital Stay By Quitting Smoking

A hospital stay may be the right time to quit smoking.
iStockphoto.com

When smokers are in the hospital, they typically have to give up cigarettes for as long as they're there.

Most hospitals make little effort to screen patients for tobacco use or to help them kick the habit permanently. That's a missed opportunity.

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8:50am

Tue January 3, 2012
It's All Politics

In Iowa, It's Decision Day At Last

A supporter of Texas governor Rick Perry places campaign signs outside the Hotel Pattee before an event on Monday in Perry, Iowa.
Andrew Burton Getty Images

After months of campaigning, it's finally caucus day in Iowa. Polls still show a fluid race, with former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney, Texas Rep. Ron Paul and former Pennsylvania Sen. Rick Santorum heading the pack.

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7:46am

Tue January 3, 2012
The Two-Way

Reports: L.A. Arson Suspect Went On Tirade At Recent Immigration Hearing

Originally published on Tue January 3, 2012 10:21 am

An apartment complex that was burned in a spree of arson fires lies in ruins on Monday in Los Angeles.
David McNew Getty Images

The man police called "the most dangerous arsonist in Los Angeles County," may have been angered by the immigration hearing of a family member. The Los Angeles Times reports that Harry Burkhart, a 24-year-old from Germany who was arrested and charged in connection to a string of arson fires in Los Angeles, went on an anti-American tirade recently.

The Times reports:

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7:16am

Tue January 3, 2012
Strange News

Scotch Wiskey From A Can?

A maker of Scotch whiskey plans to start selling its product in a can. You can buy a 12 ounce can — 80 shots of 80 proof whiskey — in a container that cannot be re-sealed. The company says it hopes to eventually develop a can you can close.

7:12am

Tue January 3, 2012
The Two-Way

It's Caucus Day In Iowa

Originally published on Tue January 3, 2012 12:22 pm

Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney greets a crowd during a campaign stop on Monday.
Charlie Riedel AP

Today, Iowa kicks off the 2012 presidential race in earnest. As, you've no doubt heard by now, the Republican presidential contest is still very fluid: Mitt Romney, Ron Paul or Rick Santorum could all win the season's first contest.

As The Des Moines Register found in its poll, the race is so unsettled "41 percent of those who have a first choice could still be persuaded to change their minds."

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7:08am

Tue January 3, 2012
Remembrances

Sought After Hollywood Sword Master Dies

Bob Anderson was an Olympic fencer, and was a major fight choreographer for saber-rattling movies including: The Princess Bride and The Lord of the Rings. He was nearly 60 when he did Darth Vader's light saber fighting. Anderson died Sunday at 89.

7:00am

Tue January 3, 2012
Movies

'Thin Blue Line' Piqued Mike Mills Movie Interest

Steve Inskeep talks to filmmaker Mike Mills for the latest in the Watch This series about recommended movies and television shows. Mills directed the film Beginners starring Christopher Plummer as an elderly father who comes out of the closet.

6:48am

Tue January 3, 2012
World

Regime Changes May Lead To Dangerous New Year

Big changes in 2011 — from the Arab Spring to the death of North Korea's dictator — create opportunities for 2012. But change can be scary, even when the regimes to be replaced are unpopular or repressive, because there's never a guarantee the new regime will be better.

6:45am

Tue January 3, 2012
Political Junkie

As Iowa Goes, So Goes What? Past Losers Still Won The GOP Nomination

Originally published on Tue January 3, 2012 1:57 pm

Ken Rudin collection

The next sounds you hear will be Iowa Republicans rendering their judgment for 2012. The road to the magic number of 1,145 — delegates needed to clinch the GOP nomination — begins Tuesday. The caucuses, all 1,774 of them, start at 7 pm Central time (8 Eastern), and results may start to trickle in within the hour.

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6:39am

Tue January 3, 2012
Middle East

U.S. Sanctions Target Iran's Central Bank

Originally published on Tue January 3, 2012 6:40 am

Transcript

LINDA WERTHEIMER, HOST:

This is MORNING EDITION from NPR News. I'm Linda Wertheimer.

STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:

And I'm Steve Inskeep. Good morning.

For this new year, Congress gave President Obama the power to impose new sanctions on Iran.

WERTHEIMER: The sanctions would target Iran's central bank. Though the president has some flexibility on the timing, the mere threat escalated tensions. Iranians have spoken of stopping oil tankers passing through the vital straits of Hormuz.

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6:26am

Tue January 3, 2012
Sports

College Football Bowl Games Cap 2011 Season

Originally published on Tue January 3, 2012 6:39 am

Transcript

LINDA WERTHEIMER, HOST:

The big bowls are underway. The five games in the Bowl Championship Series stand out in the crowded college football postseason. They command the largest national television audience and pay out the most money. They also generate the most controversy, although yesterday, the first two BCS bowl games generally created nothing but thrills.

Oregon beat Wisconsin 45 to 38 in the Rose Bowl and Oklahoma State won a 41-38 nail-biter over Stanford in the Fiesta Bowl. NPR's Tom Goldman joins us with more.

Good morning, Tom.

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5:43am

Tue January 3, 2012
Around the Nation

Mount Rainier Suspected Shooter Found Dead

An Iraq war veteran who is suspected of killing a park ranger has been found dead in a snowy stream at Washington's Mount Rainier National Park. The park had been closed since Sunday while authorities searched for Benjamin Barnes.

4:00am

Tue January 3, 2012
NPR Story

LA Police Arrest Suspect In Arson String

Originally published on Tue January 3, 2012 6:39 am

Transcript

STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:

Authorities in Los Angeles are celebrating the arrest of a suspect in dozens of fires. L.A. County Supervisor Zev Yaroslavsky told reporters that residents can finally get some rest.

ZEV YAROSLAVSKY: Our long, four-day nightmare is over. This has been, literally, a nightmare. I haven't had a good night's sleep since last week, and I'm looking forward to one tonight.

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4:00am

Tue January 3, 2012
NPR Story

Business News

Steve Inskeep and Linda Wertheimer have business news.

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