Investments in research take a while to pay dividends.
So says Dr. Karin Pavese, director of innovation at the New York Academy of Sciences.
At a biotechnology symposium in Syracuse Tuesday, Pavese told attendees there's great growth potential in state-backed research. But since the fruits of those investments often take many years to bloom, Pavese says politicians are often hesitant to pony up key funding.
One job created in the innovation work force - like a research position - creates three additional jobs, according to Pavese.
But standing in the way is something called the "valley of death."